CURRICULUM VITAE: October 1, 2014
Curtis J. Bonk
Mobile: (812) 322-curt (2878)
Email(s): email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Blog: http://travelinedman.blogspot.com/ (Twitter/Skype: TravelinEdMan)
YouTube Channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/TravelinEdMan
Curriculum Vitae and Bios (short and long): http://php.indiana.edu/~cjbonk/biolist.html
Keynote and Archived Presentations and Testimonials: http://www.trainingshare.com/
Podcasts of Blog Posts: http://podcasts.odiogo.com/travelinedman/podcasts-html.php
“The World Is Open” book homepage: http://worldisopen.com/
“Adding Some TEC-VARIETY” book homepage (free eBook): http://tec-variety.com/
Ph.D., 1989, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Major: Educational Psychology; Concentrations: Human Learning; Human Development.
Minor: Curriculum and Instruction: Educational Technology.
1984/85, UW-Waukesha and Univ. of WI-Madison Extension, coursework in Psychology.
1996 Certification in Distance Education, Indiana University, Continuing Studies Dept.
1983 Certified Public Accountant (CPA) License granted December 16, 1983.
2005-present Professor, Dept. of Instructional Systems
• Adjunct Faculty Member: IU School of Informatics, 2002-present.
• Associate Faculty Member: IU Cognitive Science Program, 1992-present.
and Founder, CourseShare, LLC,
2003-2010 President and Founder, SurveyShare,
2003-2005 Professor, Dept. of Counseling and
• Adjunct Member, Instructional Systems Technology Department, 1999-2005.
• Core Member: Center for Research on Learning & Tech (CRLT) 1998-2005.
1997-2003 Associate Professor (tenured in 1997),
Dept. of Counseling and Educ. Psych,
1992-1997 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Counseling
and Educational Psychology,
1989-1992 Assistant Professor,
1987-1988 Teaching Assistant, Dept. of Cur. & Inst, Mainstreaming course, UW-Madison.
1986-1987 Project Assistant, Gifted & Talented Outreach & Madison Extension, UW-Madison.
1984-1986 Assistant Controller, Automated Systems,
1983-1984 Controller, R & J Medical Supply,
1981-1983 Auditor and Tax Accountant, Vrakas Blum,
1978-1980 Production Control Coordinator, Square D
Co. & McQuay Perfex,
Web Software Development and Project Supervision Experience:
1999-2014 Web Developer/Supervisor: Various E-Learning Portals and Tools, CourseShare, LLC.
sites developed for sharing articles, presentations, technology tools, various learning portals for the field of instructional and educational technology (e.g., jobs, jobs, graduate program portals), etc. (dozens of staff personally funded and supervised)
Consulting Services: Online and blended learning training and implementation, technology-related research and evaluation, technical report generation, advice on strategic planning, future trend analysis, etc.
Client Base: All educational sectors, including: K-12, higher education, corporate and military, non-profit, government, etc.
Responsibilities: Hired and supervised various individuals involved online learning research and evaluation for various clients.
Other Responsibilities: Hired, supervised, managed those engaged in graphic design, Website development, promotion, etc., of CourseShare, LLC, TrainingShare, and PublicationShare.
Management and Financials/Accounting Duties: Budget estimates and projections, coordinated annual meetings, dealt with vendors and client contracts, etc.
1998-2014 Web Developer/Supervisor, Grant from Continuing Studies Department, Indiana University
The Bobweb: http://www.indiana.edu/~bobweb (Web site for course taught via videoconferencing. Components: creativity, critical thinking, cooperative learning, motivation)
2003-2010 President and Founder, Web Developer/Supervisor: SurveyShare, Inc. (company sold June 2010)
Product: A popular, low-priced Web-based survey tool.
SurveyShare Clients: Over 15,000 survey memberships per year; millions of survey takers per year from all economic or educational sectors.
Funding: Personally funded all start-up costs associated with SurveyShare including tool development, marketing, management, etc., until product became viable.
Responsibilities: Hired, supervised, and managed dozens of employees involved in the development, management, accounting, implementation, marketing, etc. of SurveyShare.
Tool Development: Usability testing, design team coordination, planning, etc., oversaw all tool and feature changes and additions.
Marketing and Promotion: Conference exhibits, product demonstrations, brochures and fliers, email notices, set pricing options, etc.
Management: Negotiated building space and rent, made all technology decisions, etc.
Financials and Accounting: Budget estimates and projections, coordinated annual meetings with Chief Financial Officer, vendor relations, negotiated enterprise client contracts and accounts receivable, etc.
1999-2007 Web Developer/Supervisor: Various E-Learning Portals and Tools (free)
InstructorShare.com, ResourceShare.com, LibraryShare.com, QuizShare.com, BookstoreShare.com, UniversityShare.com, etc.
Audience: Sites developed for sharing resources among college instructors, students, corporate trainers, freelance instructors.
Funding: All the above sites were personally funded.
Hired, Supervised, and Managed: Over 40 programmers and network specialists, trainers, instructional designers, graphic designers, researchers, distance learning specialists (Note: most were graduate students at Indiana University).
Co-Director and Web Site Developer, TICKIT Project, Grant: Arthur Vining
http://www.indiana.edu/~tickit (Teacher Institute for Curriculum Knowledge
about the Integration of Technology; a project for rural
The Smartweb: http://www.indiana.edu/~smartweb (complete undergraduate educational psychology course on the Web: activities, Web links, electronic portfolios, profiles, archives, discussions, peer interaction components, etc.)
of Online Mentoring/Conferencing Program, Grant from
(Conferencing on the Web)/TITLE (The Intraplanetary Teacher Learning Exchange):
(Web site for electronic conferencing of preservice
1999-2000 Web Developer/Supervisor, Contract with Bell
& Howell Learning and
Coursepack: Note: this was the first online reader in Educational Psychology Reader
1998-1999 Web Developer/Supervisor, Contract with Houghton Mifflin Company
INSITE Web site to support textbook, Psychology Applied to Teaching (9th Ed.).
(Note: this is the most comprehensive and interactive Web site for Educational Psychology)
Supervised: 13 content specialists, programmers, and instructional designers.
Responsibilities: Helped conceptualize the project, created and selected content, coordinated work flow, Web design, interactivity features, handled contracts, reviewed and edited all work.
Developer/Supervisor, Grant from Center for Global Change,
The Caseweb: http: //www.indiana/edu/~caseweb (set of cases for educ psychology)
Distance Education and Online Learning Course Experiences:
1. Web Course (4 times): P251/254/255 undergraduate Ed Psych, 1997-2000.
2. Web Course (5 times): M101/M201 Lab component of Ed Psych, 1997-2000.
3. Web Course (5 times): P540 Learning and Cognition in Education, 2004-2009.
4. Web Course (1 time): R546: Instructional Strategies for Thinking, Collab, & Motivation, 2009.
5. Web Course (3 times): R685: The World is Open with Web Technology, 2010, 2011, 2012.
6. Web Course (2 times): R685: Emerging Learning Technologies, 2012, 2013.
7. Videoconferencing Course (1 time); P540 Learning and Cognition in Education, 2004.
8. Videoconferencing Course (2 times); P640 Thinking and Learning in Social Contexts, 2005, 2006.
9. Videoconferencing Course (12 times); P506/R546 Alternative Instructional Strategies, 1996-2010.
(including: IU-NW, IUPUI, IU-SE, IU-B, Lebanon Schools, Turkey Run School District)
10. Videoconferencing Course (1995): P600/R685 Interactive Tech for Lrng & Collab, IUPUI & IUB.
11. Videoconf Course (2005 & 2006): P600/R685 E-Learning Pedagogy & Eval, IUPUI & IUB.
12. Helped Design TV-Based Telecourse (with Drs. Robert and Donna Rae Clasen)(1987-88): Teachers Tackle Thinking: Critical Thinking in the Classroom, UW-Madison Outreach and Extension.
13. Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), Blackboard/CourseSites, Instructional Ideas and Technology Tools for Online Success, April-June 2012 (includes 5 synchronous sessions in May 2012), nearly 4,000 people enrolled.
Live Outreach Course Accomplishments:
Taught in rural
2. Taught in Center Grove Sch District (3 times), P506 Alt. Instructional Strats: Crit, Creat, Coop, Motiv., 1995-97.
Honors, Awards, and Recognitions
2014 Outstanding Contribution to Education, Global TechLearn Congress and Awards 2014, Taj Lands End, Mumbai, India, November 14, 2014.
2014 Mildred B. and Charles A. Wedemeyer Award for Outstanding Practitioner in Distance Education Award; presented at the 30th Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, August 13, 2014.
2012 IAP (Information Age Publishing) DDL Distance Education Journal Award, 2012-First Place for “Advancing Practice,” Presented by the Division of Distance Learning of the Association for Educational Technology and Communications (AECT), Louisville, KY.
Curtis J. Bonk, Mimi Miyoung Lee, Nari Kim, & Meng-Fen Grace Lin. (2009). The tensions of transformation in three cross-institutional wikibook projects. The Internet and Higher Education, 12(3-4), 126-135.
2012 IAP (Information Age Publishing) Distance Education Book Award, 2012-Third Place, The World is Open: How Web Technology is Revolutionizing Education, Presented by the Division of Distance Learning of the Association for Educational Technology and Communications (AECT), Louisville, KY.
2009 Trustees' Teaching Award, Indiana University, School of Education.
2009 Executive Committee Chair, Advisory Board, E-Learn Conference--The World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, & Higher Education.
2012-2017 Extended term Visiting Professor, University of Glamorgan, Wales (renamed, the University of South Wales in April 2013).
2007-2012 Named Visiting Professor, University of Glamorgan, Wales.
2003 The Most Outstanding Achievement by an Individual in Higher Education Award from the United States Distance Learning Association (USDLA), Washington, DC.
Teaching Award: Teaching in a Distance Education Program.
2002 CyberStar Award, May 17, 2002,
Award Winner for: “Educational Contribution to IT in Higher Education.”
award recognizes an outstanding individual implementing or developing IT
educational programs of post-secondary students in
2000 Wilbert Hites Mentoring Award,
1999-2003 Senior Research Fellow, U. S. Army Research Institute
1999 Teaching Excellence Recognition
1998 Teaching Excellence Recognition
1997 Teaching Excellence Recognition
1992 Zenith Computer Masters of
Innovation IV Competition;
(with Padma Medury, The Future of Tech: Come SAIL Away With Coop Hypermedia)
1989 American Psychological Association Dissertation Research Award.
1978-1981 National Dean's List.
1978-1979 International Youth in Achievement.
Other Honors, Awards, and Recognitions
2014 Affiliate Faculty Member: Southeast Asian Studies Center, Indiana University.
2014 2014 RHSU Edu-Scholar Public
Presence Rankings (#86), Recognized among those contributing most substantially
to the debate about schools and schooling, Education Week, January 8, 2014.
(see also, The 2014 RHSU Edu-Scholar Public Presence Scoring Rubric, Education Week, Rick Hess, on January 7, 2014. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/rick_hess_straight_up/2014/01/the_rhsu_edu-scholar_public_influence_scoring_rubric.html)
2013 Visiting Scholar, November 2013, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
2013 Visiting Scholar, November 2013, National Sun Yat-Sen Univ., Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
2013 Visiting Scholar, September 2013, International Christian University, Tokyo, Japan.
2013 Outstanding Reviewer of 2012, Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, Emerald Literati Network, Emerald Group Publishing, 2013 Awards for Excellence.
2013 2013 RHSU Edu-Scholar Public
Presence Rankings (#123), Recognized among those contributing most
substantially to the debate about schools and schooling, Education Week,
January 9, 2013. Available: http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/rick_hess_straight_up/2013/01/the_2013_rhsu_edu-scholar_public_presence_rankings.html
(see also, The 2013 RHSU Edu-Scholar Public Presence Scoring Rubric, Education Week, Rick Hess, on January 9, 2013. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/rick_hess_straight_up/2013/01/the_2013_rhsu_edu-scholar_public_presence_scoring_rubric.html)
2013 Online resources from Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) reviewed and published in MERLOT (Multimedia Educational Resources for Learning and Online Teaching; http://www.merlot.org/merlot/), January 6, 2013, Teacher Educational Editorial Board, Instructional Ideas and Technology Tools for Online Success, Author: Curtis J. Bonk,
Material Detail: http://www.merlot.org/merlot/viewMaterial.htm?id=699046;
2012 2012 RHSU Edu-Scholar Public
Presence Rankings (#108), Recognized among those contributing most
substantially to the debate about schools and schooling, Education Week, January
http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/rick_hess_straight_up/2012/01/the_2012_rhsu_edu-scholar_public_presence_rankings.html (see also, RHSU Exclusive: The Five-Tool Policy Scholar, Education Week, Rick Hess, on January 3, 2012. Available:
2012 Nominated, Trustees' Teaching Award, Indiana University, School of Education.
2010 Nominated, Faculty Mentor Award, Graduate & Professional Student Organization, Indiana Univ.
2009 Outstanding Paper Award, Lin,
M.-F., Sajjapanroj, S., Bonk, C. J. (2009, June). Wikibooks and Wikibookians:
Loosely-Coupled Community or the Future of the Textbook Industry?, Ed Media
2009—World Conference on Educational Mul
2008 Sloan-C Effective Practices. Park, Y. J., & Bonk, C. J. Synchronous Teaching and Learning Experiences Mediated by Macromedia Breeze Collaboration Tool and Telephone conference Tool.
2007 Nominated, Faculty Mentor Award, Graduate & Professional Student Organization, Indiana Univ.
2006 Visiting Scholar, September 2006, Napier University, Edinburgh, Scotland.
2006 Outstanding Paper Award, Liu, X., Magjuka, R. J., Bonk, C. J., & Lee, S. H. (2006, October). Does sense of community matter? An examination of participants’ perspectives in online courses. E-Learn 2006-The World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, & Higher Education, Honolulu, Hawaii.
1998-2003 Affiliate Faculty Member: Inner Asian & Uralic National Resource Center, Indiana U.
2001-2003 Adjunct Professor at the
2001 Visiting Scholar, June
2001; Univ. of
2001 Army Study Highlights, Applying Collaborative and e-Learning Tools to Military Distance Learning: A Research Framework by C. J. Bonk & Robert A. Wisher (2000), Paper Selected for potential impact upon the Army and the methodology used.
2000-2001 International Reference Group Member, Flexible Learning Grant, U of Wollongong
2000 Visiting Scholar, August 2000, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.
1999 Faculty Affiliate, Cog Science Certificate and Ph.D. Minor in Human Computer Interaction
First Faculty Fellow, Wisdom
1998 Visiting Scholar, November 1998, Simon Fraser Univ. & Virtual Univ, Vancouver, CN
1997 Visiting Scholar, May
1997; Univ. of Oulu,
1996-98 Faculty Fellow (for technology research): The Center for Excellence in Education (CEE).
Named to Lists, Book Featured, and Other Press Received
2014 Named to list of “Top 50 e-Learning Super Heroes of Planet Earth!” ZaidLearn, February 5, 2014, http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2014/02/top-50-e-learning-super-heroes-on.html
2013 Named to list of “100 Top Experts in eLearning and Ed Tech,” BestCollegeRankings.org, March 13, 2013, http://bestcollegerankings.org/elearning-edtech/
2012 “The World Is Open” named to list of “The 50 Best Books of All Time,” Education Week, Vander Ark on Innovation Blog, Tom Vander Ark, August 21, 2012, http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/on_innovation/2012/08/the_50_best_books_of_all_time.html
2012 Named to list of “10 Fascinating People in Education in 2012,” Blackboard Blogs, Andrea Meier, December 23, 2012, http://blog.blackboard.com/company/featured/10-fascinating-people-in-education-in-2012/
2010 Named to list of “Top 20 Most Influential People in Online Learning,” Sir Learnalot’s Knowledge Blog, Alba Callazo, September 22, 2010, http://onlineuniversityrankings.org/2010/top-20-most-influential-people-in-online-learning/
2010 Named Top 50 Global Education Blog by Sir Learnalot’s Knowledge Blog, James J. Atkinson, January 20, 2010, http://onlineuniversityrankings.org/2010/top-50-global-education-blogs/
Self-directed online learning, open education, open educational resources, open learning communities, extreme learning or nontraditional/informal learning with technology or distance education; human development and identity in a highly wired world; participatory learning; global/international education, Web 2.0 and emerging learning technologies; Web-based training and teaching; blended learning; online mentoring; interactive learning environments; collaborative learning tools; adult education; problem-based learning; learning in a social context; collaborative writing technologies; alternative instructional strategies; future learning technologies.
• American Educational Research Association (AERA). SIGs: Instructional Technology; Computer and Internet Applications in Education; Online Teaching and Learning; Informal Learning Environments
• Assoc. for the Advancement of Computing in Ed (AACE)
Social Media: LinkedIn, Academia.edu, Facebook, Ning, Twitter, TravelinEdMan blog
Student Dissertation Research and Program Advising:
Completed Dissertations: 86 = 4 at WVU + 81 at IU (20 as Chair) + 1 at other universities
Current Dissertations: 11 = 5 as Chair + 6 as Member
Completed Master’s Thesis: 1 = 1 as Chair
Completed Programs of Studies: 52 = 1 at WVU + 51 at IU (12 as Chair/Advisor)
Current Programs of Studies: 8 = 6 Doc Advisor, 2 as Minor Member
Sample of Recent Research Activity:
1. Self-Directed Online Learning and Open Education: In a mixed methods design, we are looking at the motivations, successes, challenges and obstacles, and life changes from access to OpenCourseWare (OCW), open educational resources (OER), and massive open online courses (MOOCs).
2. Extreme Learning/Nontraditional Learning: Exploring how people learn or teach with technology in unusual ways; such as from planes, trains, boats, war zones, space stations, religious missions, nursing homes, museums, zoos, etc. I currently call this “extreme learning” though some refer to it as informal learning or nontraditional learning. As part of this, I am attempting to record “empowerment moments” wherein people lives were changed due to their use of technology. In effect, it is time to collect human interest stories that proves it and is an inspiration for others.
3. Social Network Analysis (SNA) and Blogging in Korea and China: Used social networking analysis to study intellectual and emotional closeness of peers; also explored decentralization, augmented socialization, and the pros and cons of blogging in Asian higher education.
4. Creativity in Education: Exploring creativity traits and perspectives with well-known technology leaders such as Steve Jobs (Apple), Sergey Brin (Google), and Will Wright (the Sims).
5. Wikibooks and Wikibooks in K-12, Higher Ed, and Corporate Settings: Explored cross-institutional Wikibook projects; surveyed and interviewed those who have coordinated, edited, or contributed to Wikibooks. Also, looked at how wikis are used in early childhood education; including teacher philosophy and pedagogies, activities, school support, parental involvement, satisfaction, etc.
6. Global K-12 Education Research Project: We are investigating how teachers in diverse contexts are leveraging collaborative technologies to facilitate a global learning environment (e.g., TakingITGlobal (TIG) and Round Square). We are interviewing grade school teachers and educational network administrative members, along with conducting teacher questionnaires. Through these data, we hope to investigate how teachers are facilitating these global connections and what lived experiences have impacted their decision to partake in such global initiatives.
7. Synchronous and Asynchronous Online Learning: Various studies over the past 15 years on the role of the instructor in synchronous and asynchronous learning environments, the depth of discussion, and the types of online moderation and interaction. Providing guidelines for synchronous instruction.
8. Open Education and Open Source Software: Researched the open education movement around the world. Interviewing many people involved in creating open courseware, open educational resources, open source software. Also looking at issues of knowledge, communities of practice, and curriculum sharing in online content repositories (e.g., MERLOT, Connexions, OOPS, etc.).
9. E-Learning and Blended Learning: Looked at new directions in e-learning and blended learning in both higher education and corporate settings in the UK, USA, China, Taiwan, and Korea via survey research.
Technology Used in Teaching and Research:
1. Course Management Systems: WebCT, Blackboard, CourseSites from Blackboard, Oncourse, Sakai, e-education, Virtual University, Nicenet.
2. Synchronous Computer Conferencing Systems: Breeze (now Adobe Connect Pro), WebEx, Placeware, CU-SeeMe, Elluminate, Blackboard Collaborate, Centra, Wiz IQ, various others.
3. Asynchronous Computer Conferencing Systems: SiteScape Forum, e-Board, e-groups, Nicenet, COW, WebCrossing, FirstClass, Oncourse.
4. Wikis: Wikispaces, Wikibooks, Wikispaces, PBworks, etc.
5. Online Shared Video Tools and Resources: YouTube, TeacherTube, CurrentTV, TubeChop, Vialogues, Grocket Answers, etc.
Research Funding, Contracts, and Grants Applied, Received, or In Review:
2013-2014 IU, Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SOTL) $2,640 (Not Funded)
Title: Essential Guidelines for Flipped Classroom: An Investigation into the
Learner-Centered Instructional Support Strategies.
Authors: Proposal jointly written with Eulho Jung & Minkyoung Kim (Co-PIs)
Agency: Indiana University (IU).
2013-2014 MOOC Research Initiative $20,000 (Not Funded)
Title: What’s not to Learn? Pedagogical tools to identify and reach out to at-risk students in MOOCs
Authors: Stephanie Panke, Curtis J. Bonk, and Mimi Miyoung Lee (Co-PIs)
Agency: Gates Foundation, http://www.moocresearch.com/
2013-2014 Literacy Courseware Challenge $24,982 (Not Funded)
Title: Active Literacy Acquisition through Digital Storytelling
Proposal jointly written Curtis J. Bonk, Khendum Gyabak, & Mika Mokko (Co-PIs)
Agency: Gates Foundation
Video Explanation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QlFlg0j-wwo
2013-2017 Cyberlearning Transforming Education: Development and Imp. $1,349,486 (Not Funded)
Title: ScholarWiki Automated Learning Environment (SWALE):
Machine Learning plus Crowdsourced Human Feedback for Ecologically
Proposal jointly written with Xiaozhong Liu (Co-PI) and Ying Ding (Co-PI)
Agency: NSF, Washington, DC.
2012-2016 Cyberlearning Transforming Education: Development and Imp. $1,348,927 (Not Funded)
Title: ScholarWiki Automated Learning Environment (SWALE):
Machine Learning plus Crowdsourced Human Feedback for Ecologically
Proposal jointly written with Xiaozhong Liu (Co-PI, and Ying Ding (Co-PI)
Agency: NSF, Washington, DC.
2012-2015 Cyberlearning Transforming Education: Exploratory $549,889 (Not Funded)
Title: Extreme Learning HOPES and DREAMS: Designing an
Engaging Cyberlearning Exchange and Mobile Platform
Proposal jointly written with Mimi Lee (Co-PI), University of Houston
and Steve Zuiker (Rice University)
Agency: NSF, Washington, DC.
2007-2009 Leveraging Educational Technology to Keep America Competitive $3,108,879
Jointly written and coordinated by the IU Center for Evaluation and
Education Policy (CEEP) and the Granato Group (DC))
2004-2005 Coordinated research and evaluation project on motivation and design $67,995
of online courses at ITT Technical Institute.
by: ITT Educational Services,
(I supervised 10 people on this project)
2003-2006 Coordinated research and evaluation project of IU Kelley Direct (KD) $250,000 (Est.)
by: Kelley Direct,
2003-2005 Dept. of Defense, Consortium Research Fellows Program, Advanced $25,025
Distributed Learning (ADL) Lab, research on educational and training
potential of massive multiuser online games; designed experiments; wrote
technical report; Authors: Bonk and Dennen.
2004-2004 The Observatory on Borderless Higher
Commissioned paper: The Perfect E-Storm: Emerging Technologies,
Enormous Learner Demand, Enhanced Pedagogy, and Erased Budgets;
2000-2003 Teacher Institute for Curric Knowledge about Integration of Tech (TICKIT) $150,000
2000-2003 U.S. Army Research Institute, Consortium Research Fellows Program, TrainToday $42,000
Research projects on collaborative learning technology in military
2000-2001 Jones Knowledge.com,
Commissioned research and survey reports:
“Online Teaching in an Online World,” and
“Online Training in an Online World.”
1999-2000 U.S. Army Research Institute, Consortium Research Fellows Program, TrainToday $15,000
Research on learner-centered framework for collaborative
Technology; major technical report; Authors: Bonk and Wisher.
1999-2000 Teacher Institute for Curric Knowledge about Integration of Tech. (TICKIT) $32,116
1998-1999 Teacher Institute for Curric Knowledge about Integration of Tech. (TICKIT) $37,898
by: Ackerman Family Foundation (&
Authors: Bonk, Ehman, & Risinger
(Note: plus matching monies from schools of $36,584)
1998-1999 Strengthening an Infrastructure in Support of Research on the Linkage $50,000
Of Learning Theory, Pedagogy, and Technology.
Author: Barab (with Bonk, Cunningham, Duffy, Frick, Keating, Pugh)
1998 IU Linking Learners, Linking Teachers: Combining Web-Based $4,000
Learning and Videoconferencing in Preservice Teacher Training.
Funded by: IU Ctr on Global Change, Title VI: Instruct Tech. Pilot Projects
Alter. Instructional Strategies to the Virtual
by: IU, The
1997-1998 IU, Proffitt Grant, Web-Based Conferences for Preservice Teacher $12,000.
Education: Electronic Discourse from the Field
1996-1999 IU Research and Univ. Grad. School (RUGS), Preparing Future Faculty. $60,000.
Author: Cunningham (I helped with writing/implementing).
1995-1996 IU Intercampus Grant, Qualitative Analysis of Learner-Centered Tool $10,000.
Adaptation in an Electronic Community of Elem St. Weather Forecasters
1994-1995 IU InterCampuswide Research Grant, Embedding Constructive Multimedia. $15,386.
Tools and an Electronic Community within an Elementary Weather Unit.
1993 IU, Kempf Research Funding, Measuring Students' Perception of
Constructivistic Learning Environments: SCALE Refinement & Validation. $10,000.
1992 WVU, Study Skills/Self-Management course $25,000.
(helped move from psych. dept. to educ psych. department)
1992 WVU, Classroom of the Future, Instructional Resources Support Committee $60,000.
(IRSC Chair, 1989-92)
1992 National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE), Writing to Learn in $2,000.
Business Courses: Exploring Alternative Methods in Knowledge
Integration and Assessment.
Social and Cognitive Skills from Electronic Interaction.
1991-92 State of WV, Community-Based Organization Grant, Lrng Ctr & High Sch. $8,720.
1991 Apple Computer & Educ Software Donations to Learning Ctr. $13,500.
1990-91 Governor's Drug-Free Communities Grant, Project Y.E.S. $50,000.
(Youth Enrichment Services); Co-PI. Plus In-kind = $86,101.
to create this learning center for at-risk youth in
Publication Summary (as of October 1, 2014):
Main Publications Other:
Books 9 Magazine and Newsletter Pieces 20
Electronic and Other Books 5 Personal Interviews Authored 4
Journal Articles 101 Guest Blog Posts 13
Book Chapters & Forewords 47 Book Contributor 3
Technical Reports 6 Book Reviews 3
Conference Proceedings 79 ERIC/Other Docs 8
Evaluation Reports 6 Dissertations and Master’s Theses 2
Total Main 253 Total Other 53
Grand Total = 306 (plus 5 articles in review or revision and 2 books in preparation)
(Note: Additionally, 14 of the above publications have been republished (with permission) as book chapters, 1 as a technical report, and 1 other as a journal article or 17 total reprints.)
Articles Submitted or In Revision (* = Refereed; R = Research; T = Teaching):
*R Lee, J., & Bonk, C. J. (in review). Social Network Analysis of Peer Relationships and Online Interactions in a Blended Class Using Blogs. The Internet and Higher Education.
*R Kim, H.-J., & Bonk, C. J. (in review). In Consideration of Creativity in Education and the Creation of Jobs. The International Journal of Creativity and Problem Solving.
*R Kim, H.-J., & Bonk, C. J. (in process). Teachers’ Beliefs about Learner Autonomy in Language Learning.
*R Bonk, C. J., Lee, M. M., Kou, X., Xu, S. & Sheu, F. R. (in review). An Investigation into Self-Directed Online Learning and Open Education: The Motivations, Needs, Obstacles, and Successes of MIT OpenCourseWare Subscribers. Journal of Educational Technology and Society.
*R Bonk, C. J., Lee, M. M., Kou, X., & Sheu, F. R. (in revison). Motivations, Achievements, and Challenges of Self-Directed Informal Learners in Open Educational Environments and Massively Open Online Courses. The Internet and Higher Education.
Books in Preparation (+ = Reviewed; R = Research; T = Teaching):
+T Bonk, C. J. (in preparation). The World Is More Open: An Extension of “The World is Open: How Web Technology is Revolutionizing Education.” Available: http://worldisopen.com/
Books (+ = Reviewed; R = Research; T = Teaching):
+T Bonk, C. J., & Khoo, E. (2014). Adding Some TEC-VARIETY: 100+ Activities for Motivating and Retaining Learners Online. OpenWorldBooks.com and Amazon CreateSpace.
Note: Free eBook available at: http://tec-variety.com/;
+T Bonk, C. J. (July 2009). The World is Open: How Web Technology is Revolutionizing Education. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, a Wiley imprint. (Book homepage: http://worldisopen.com)
3. Kobo (Web, mobile, ePub, iPhone)
World is Open Book Translations:
1. Arabic, Arabic Scientific Publishers, Inc., Beirut, Lebanon: http://www.aspbooks.com/index.aspx or www.asp.com.lb; Book Website: http://www.aspbooks.com/books/bookpage.aspx?id=209588
Translator: Ghada Alamoudi [email@example.com], Haji Ali Reza Company, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Translator, Dr. Jiao Jianli, Professor of Ed Tech, Director of Future Education Research Centre, Deputy Dean of School of Info Tech in Ed (firstname.lastname@example.org); South China Normal University; book blog: http://jiao.blogbus.com/
R Bonk, C. J., Lee, M. M., & Reynolds, T. H. (Eds.) (2009). A Special Passage through Asia E-Learning. Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (see http://www.editlib.org/ebooks/ or http://www.editlib.org/p/32264 and http://aace.org)
Note: this was also a special journal issue: Bonk, C. J., Lee, M. M., & Reynolds, T. H. (Eds.) (2009). International Journal on E-Learning. 8(4). Special issue: A Special Passage through Asia E-Learning. http://www.editlib.org/j/IJEL/v/8/n/4
+R/T Bonk, C. J., & Zhang, K. (2008). Empowering Online Learning: 100+ Activities for Reading, Reflecting, Displaying, and Doing. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. (Book homepage: http://www.trainingshare.com/courseWeb/book.php)
(Sample chapter: Chapter 1: The R2D2 Model: Read, Reflect, Display, and Do (pages 1-14): http://media.wiley.com/product_data/excerpt/49/07879880/0787988049.pdf
+R/T Bonk, C. J. & Graham, C. R. (Eds.) (2006). Handbook of blended learning: Global perspectives, local designs. San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer Publishing.
+T Snowman, J., & Biehler, R. F. with Bonk, C. J. Technology Contributor (2000). Psychology Applied to Teaching (9th Edition), Boston, MA; Houghton Mifflin. (Also created the “INSITE” online Web site for the book. Also note that this book was made available as an eBook in 2001.)
+R/T Bonk, C. J., & King, K. S.
(Eds.). (1998). Electronic collaborators:
Learner-centered technologies for literacy, apprenticeship, and discourse.
*Book Scope: 15 chapters featuring work of 16 current or former IU Graduate Students & 5 IU faculty; ISBN: 0-8058-2796-X (cloth); 0-8058-2797-8 (paper).
+R Reed, W. Michael, & Bonk, Curtis J. (Eds.) (1992). Computer Use in the Improvement of Writing. New York: Pergamon Press.
T. Clasen, D. R., & Bonk, C. J.
(Compilers). (1988). Teachers tackle
thinking: Critical thinking in the classroom.
Other Books and Electronic Books (+ = Reviewed; T = Teaching):
T Plucker, J. P., Bonk, C. J., Brush, T. A., & Ottenbreit-Leftwich, A. T. (2009). A parent’s guide to the Internet (written content). Published by the Department of Education, Office of Educational Technology. Available: https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWFpbnxyb21hbmRvc3NpZXJ8Z3g6NDMxMTQ2ODUyMDFiMTkzMw&pli=1
R Bonk, C. J., Lee, M. M., & Reynolds, T. (Eds.) (2008, November). Proceedings of E-Learn 2008: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education. Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).
C. J. with Kim, N. (2007, fall). The Web 2.0 and
Emerging Learning Technologies (The WELT).
Wikibooks. Available: http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Web_2.0_and_Emerging_Learning_Technologies
(Note: I coordinated this wikibook which
was initially created by students at five difference universities in the
C. J., & Lee, M.-Y., with Kim N. (2007, fall). The
Practice of Learning Theories (The POLT).
Wikibooks. Available: http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Learning_theories_in_practice
(Note: Dr. Mimi Lee and I coordinated this wikibook
which was initially created by students at
+T Bonk, C. J., with Fischler, R., Daytner, G., &
Yamagata Lynch, L. C. (Eds.), (2000) Educational Psychology Coursepack.
Journal Article and Book Chapter Publications:
(Note: * = Refereed; + = Reviewed; R = Research; T = Teaching)
*R Kim, M., Jung, E., Altuwaijri, A., Wang, Y., & Bonk, C. J. (in press). Analyzing the human learning and development potential of websites available for informal learning. International Journal of Self-Directed Learning.
*R Lee, H., & Bonk, C. J. (2014). Collaborative Learning in the Workplace: Practical Issues and Concerns. International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning (iJAC), 7(2), 10-17. Available: http://online-journals.org/index.php/i-jac/article/view/3850
+T Bonk, C. J. (2014). Foreword: Online Learning Yesterday and Today. In B. Sutton & A. Basiel (Eds.). Teaching and Learning Online: New models of learning for a connected world (2nd Edition) (pp. ix-xv). NY: Routledge.
*R Shen, Y. W., Reynolds, T. H., Bonk, C. J., & Brush, T. A. (2013). A case study of applying blended learning in an accelerated post-baccalaureate teacher education program. Journal of Educational Technology Development and Exchange, 6(1), 59-78. Available: http://jetde.theti.org/evaluate/DSS_DD/infoSingleArticle.do?articleId=306711&columnId=306708
*T Lee, M. M., & Bonk, C. J. (2013). Through the words of experts: Cases of expanded classrooms using conferencing technology. Language Facts and Perspectives, 31, pp. 107-137.
+R Haynes, R. K., & Cho, Y., and the Instructional Systems Technology faculty, Indiana University (2013). Improving learning and performance in diverse contexts: The role and importance of theoretical diversity. In M. Orey, S. A. Jones, & R. M. Branch (Eds.), Educational Media and Technology Yearbook (EMTY) (pp. 27-43), 37, New York: Springer Science and Business Media.
*R Pan, G., Sen, S., Starett, D., Bonk, C. J., Rodgers, M., Tikoo, M., & Powell, D. (2012, December). Instructor-made videos as a learner scaffolding tool: A case study. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 8(4), 298-311. Available: http://jolt.merlot.org/vol8no4/pan_1212.htm and http://jolt.merlot.org/vol8no4/pan_1212.pdf
+R Hur, J. W, Brush, T., & Bonk, C. J. (2012). An analysis of teacher knowledge and emotional sharing in a teacher blog community. In V. P. Dennen & J. B. Myers (Eds.), Virtual professional development and informal learning via social networks (pp. 219-239). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
R Bonk, C. J. (2012). Foreword to the Arabic Edition. The World is Open: How Web Technology is Revolutionizing Education. Beirut, Lebanon: Arabic Scientific Publishers, Inc. Book Website: http://www.aspbooks.com/books/bookpage.aspx?id=209588
+R Yang, Y., & Bonk, C. J. (2012). Quality assurance for online programs: Roles, responsibilities, and leadership styles of higher education administrators. In H. H. Yang & S. C-Y. Yuen (Eds.). Handbook of Research on Practices and Outcomes in Virtual Worlds and Environments (pp. 307-326). Hershey, PA: IGI Publishing.
*R Liu, X., Bonk, C. J., McIntyre, S., & Magjuka, R. M. (2011, November). An investigation of flow experience in virtual learning teams. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 8(11), 3-15. Available: http://www.itdl.org/Journal/Nov_11/Nov_11.pdf
*R Kang, I., Bonk, C. J., & Kim, M-C (2011). A case study of blog-based learning in Korea: Technology becomes pedagogy. The Internet and Higher Education, 14(4), 227-235. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2011.05.002
R Bonk, C. J. (2011). Foreword to the Chinese Edition. The World is Open: How Web Technology is Revolutionizing Education. Shanghai, China: South China Normal University. Available: http://worldisopen.com/China_Foreword.pdf
+R Bonk, C. J. (2011). Prequel: Sharing…the Journey. The World is Open: How Web Technology is Revolutionizing Education (pp. xi-xxx). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, a Wiley imprint. Available: http://worldisopen.com/misc/prequel.pdf (written for softcover/paperback edition)
+R Bonk, C. J. (2011). Postscript: An Open Letter to the Learners of this Planet. The World is Open: How Web Technology is Revolutionizing Education (pp. 415-422). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, a Wiley imprint. Available: http://worldisopen.com/misc/postscript.pdf (written for softcover/paperback edition)
*R Lin, M.-F., Sajjapanroj, S., & Bonk, C. J. (2011, October-December). Wikibooks and Wikibookians: Loosely-coupled community or the future of the textbook industry? IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 4(4), 327-339. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5744067
*R Bonk, C. J. (2011). YouTube anchors and enders: The use of shared online video content as a macrocontext for learning. Asia-Pacific Collaborative Education Journal, 7(1), 13-24. Available: http://publicationshare.com/pdfs/201103.pdf; and http://www.acecjournal.org/
+T Liu, M., Burton, J., & Bonk, C. J. (2010). Reflective Addendum: Mike’s Life, to W. Michael Reed: At the Beginnings Using Computers in Education for Higher-Order Learning by Min Liu and John Burton. In M. Orey, S. A. Jones, & R. M. Branch (Eds.), Educational Media and Technology Yearbook (EMTY), 35, pp. 197-201, Springer.
+R Cheng, J., Son, S., & Bonk, C. J. (2010). Technology and knowledge management. In M. Malloch, L. Cairns, K. Evans, and B. O’Connor (Eds.). International Handbook of Workplace Learning (pp. 381-391). Sage Publications.
*R Kim, H. Y., & Bonk, C. J. (2010, August). Toward best practices in online teaching: Instructional immediacy in online faculty experiences. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 7(8). Available: http://www.itdl.org/Journal/Aug_10/article02.htm
+T Bonk, C. J. (2010, April). For Openers: How Technology Is Changing School. Educational Leadership, 67(7), 60-66. (Note: this appeared in a special issue on “Reimagining School”). Available: http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership.aspx
*R So, H.-J., & Bonk, C. J. (2010). Examining the Roles of Blended Learning Approaches in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Environments: A Delphi Study. Journal of Educational Technology and Society, 13(3), 189-200. Available: http://www.ifets.info/journals/13_3/17.pdf
+T Bonk, C. J. (2010, Spring). Flat, spiky, and curved is now open. Leader To Leader, 56, 21-25. Available: http://www.pfdf.org/knowledgecenter/journal.aspx
+R Bonk, C. J., Lee, M. M., Kim, N., & Lin, M.-F. (2010). Wikibook transformations and disruptions: Looking back twenty years to today. In H. H. Yang, & S. C-Y. Yuen (Eds.), Collective intelligence and e-learning 2.0: Implications of Web-Based Communities and Networking (pp. 127-146). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.
+R Zhang, K., & Bonk, C. J. (2010). Generational learners and e-learning technologies. In H. H. Yang & S. C-Y. Yuen (Eds.). Handbook of research on practices and outcomes in e-learning: Issues and trends (pp. 76-92). Hershey, PA: IGI Publishing.
+R Bonk, C. J. (2009). To the Learners of This Planet. In T. A. Kamali (Ed.), 22: An anthology celebrating the twenty-second anniversary of the Higher Colleges of Technology (pp. 330-342). Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: HCT Press. Available: http://worldisopen.com/postscript.pdf and http://www.scribd.com/doc/17663633/An-Open-Letter-to-the-Learners-of-This-Planet-
*R Kim, P., Hong, J.-S., Bonk, C. J., & Lim, G. (2009). Effects of Group Reflection Variations in Project-Based Learning Integrated in a Web 2.0 Learning Space. Interactive Learning Environments, 1-17.
*R Lee, S., Lee, J., Magjuka, R., Liu, X., & Bonk, C. J. (2009). The challenge of online case-based learning: An examination of an MBA program. Journal of Educational Technology and Society, 12(3), 178-190. Available: http://www.ifets.info/download_pdf.php?j_id=44&a_id=966 or http://www.ifets.info/
+R Bonk, C. J., Lee, M. M., & Reynolds, T. H. (2009). A Special Passage through Asia E-Learning. International Journal on E-Learning. 8(4), 439-445.
Note: This article was also published as the preface of a book:
Bonk, C. J., Lee, M. M., & Reynolds, T. H. (Eds.) (2009). Preface: A Special Passage through Asia E-Learning. A Special Passage through Asia E-Learning. Charlottesville, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (see http://www.editlib.org/ebooks/ or http://www.editlib.org/p/32264 and http://aace.org)
*T An, Y.-J., & Bonk, C. J. (May/June 2009). Finding that SPECIAL PLACE: Designing digital game-based learning environments. TechTrends, 53(3), 43-48.
*R Kim, K.-J., Bonk, C. J., & Teng, Y.-T. (2009, August). The present state and future trends of blended learning in workplace learning settings across five countries. Asia Pacific Education Review (APER), 10(3). Available: http://www.springerlink.com/content/121317/?Content+Status=Accepted
*R Lee, J., & Bonk, C. J. (2009, June). Exploring the Use of Wikis for the Improvement of English Writing Skills: Research, Reflections, and Recommendations, International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 6(6), http://www.itdl.org/Journal/Jun_09/article02.htm; http://www.itdl.org/Journal/Jun_09/Jun_09.pdf
T Bonk, C. J. (2009, June 8). The Training World is Wide Open. Manage Smarter: Training Magazine. Available: http://www.managesmarter.com/msg/content_display/training/e3i0fe06f39ca1404322beda64e79bf46c3
T Bonk, C. J. (2009, August). The Flat World is Now Open: Time to Embrace the Power of Informal Education. Chief Learning Officer, 8(8). Available: http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/mediatec/clo0809/#/52 and http://www.clomedia.com/in-conclusion/2009/August/2703/index.php
T Bonk, C. J. (2009, July). The World is Open for a Reason: Make that 30 Reasons! eLearn Magazine. Available: http://elearnmag.acm.org/featured.cfm?aid=1595436 and http://elearnmag.org/index.cfm or http://www.publicationshare.com/The_World_is_OPen_for_a_Reason--Make_that_30_Reason--E-Learn_Mag.pdf
T So, H.-J., Bonk, C. J., &
Wisher, R. A. (2009). A learner-centered perspective on e-learning. In P. Rogers, G., Berg, J. Boettcher, C.
Howard, L. Justice, & K. Schenk (Eds.).
Encyclopedia of distance and online learning (2nd edition) (pp. 1346-1354). NY:
*R Teng, Y.-T., Bonk, C. J., & Kim, K.-J. (2009, February). The trend of blended learning in Taiwan: Perceptions of HRD practitioners and implications for emerging competencies. Human Resource Development International, 12(1), 69-84.
*R Bonk, C. J., Lee, M. M., Kim, N., & Lin, M.-F. (2009, December). The tensions of transformation in three cross-institutional wikibook projects. The Internet and Higher Education, 12(3-4), 126-135. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2009.04.002
+R Molenda, M., Boling, E., and the Instructional Systems Technology faculty, Indiana University (2009). Research and theory in instructional systems technology at Indiana University. In M. Orey, S. A. Jones, & R. M. Branch (Eds.), Educational Media and Technology Yearbook (EMTY), 34, Springer.
*R Liang, M. Y., & Bonk, C. J. (2009, January). Interaction in blended EFL learning: Principles and practices. International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning, 6(1), 3-15. Available at: http://www.itdl.org/journal/jan_09/article01.htm
*T Zhang, K., & Bonk, C. J. (2008, spring). Addressing diverse learner preferences and intelligences with emerging technologies: Matching models to online opportunities. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology (CJLT), 34(2). Available: http://www.cjlt.ca/index.php/cjlt/article/view/496/227
*R Kim, K-J., Bonk, C. J., &
Oh, E. J. (2008, September). The present and future state of blended
learning in workplace learning settings in the
+T Bonk, C. J. (2008). Foreword. In K. Thompson. Bioteams: How to create high performance teams and virtual groups based on nature’s most successful designs. Tampa: FL: Meghan-Kiffer.
*R Shi, S., Bonk, C. J., Punya, M., & Tan, S. (2008, May). Getting in sync with synchronous: The dynamics of synchronous facilitation in online discussions. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 5(5), 3-27. Available: http://itdl.org/Journal/May_08/article01.htm
*R Keller, J. B., Hixon, E., Bonk, C. J., & Ehman, L. (2008, March). Professional development that increases technology integration by K-12 teachers: The influence of the TICKIT Program. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning. 5(3), 3-22. Available: http://www.itdl.org/Journal/Mar_08/article01.htm
+R Lin, M.-F., Bonk, C. J., & Sajjapanroj, S. (2008). Twin wiki wonders?: Wikipedia and Wikibooks as powerful tools for online collaborative writing. In T. Kidd & I. L. Chen (Eds.), Social information technology: Connecting society and cultural issues (pp. 253-272). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.
*R Sajjapanroj, S., Bonk, C. J., Lee, M, & Lin M.-F. (2008, Spring). A window on Wikibookians: Surveying their statuses, successes, satisfactions, and sociocultural experiences. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 7(1), 36-58. Available: Abstract: http://www.ncolr.org/issues/jiol/v7/n1/a-window-on-wikibookians-surveying-their-statuses-successes-satisfactions-and-sociocultural-experiences#.UrYBf9oo5js and Full article: http://www.ncolr.org/jiol/issues/pdf/7.1.3.pdf
*R/T Chen, W. C., & Bonk, C. J. (2008). The use of Weblogs in assessment in Chinese higher education: Possibilities and potential problems. International Journal on E-learning. 7(1), 41-65.
X., Lee, S. H., Bonk, C. J., Magjuka, R. J., & Liu, S. (2008). Technology use
in an online MBA program: Issues, trends and opportunities. In Kidd, T.
& Song, H (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Instructional Systems and
*R Lee, M., Lin, M.-F., & Bonk, C. J. (2007, November). OOPS, turning MIT OpenCourseWare into Chinese: An analysis of a community of practice of global translators. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 8(3). Available: http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/463/980 (HTML) http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/463/982 (PDF)
*R Pan, G., & Bonk, C. J. (2007,
November). The emergence of open-source software in
*R Pan, G., & Bonk, C. J. (2007,
March). The emergence of open-source software in
*R Pan, G., & Bonk, C. J. (2007, April). A socio-cultural perspective on free and open source software. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 4(4), 3-22. Available: http://www.itdl.org/Journal/Apr_07/article01.htm
*R/T Park, Y. J., & Bonk, C. J. (2007, Winter). Synchronous learning experiences: Distance and residential learners’ perspectives in a blended graduate course. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 6(3) 245-264. Available: http://www.ncolr.org/issues/jiol/v6/n3/synchronous-learning-experiences-distance-and-residential-learners-perspectives-in-a-blended-graduate-course#.UrYANdoo5js; PDF : http://www.ncolr.org/jiol/issues/pdf/6.3.6.pdf