Paulo Carvalho

http://mypage.iu.edu/~pcarvalh

(812) 855-9211

1101 E. 10th St
Bloomington 47405 IN
United States

Education & Research Experience

PhD in Psychology 2011 — Present

Indiana UniversityPercepts and Concepts Lab (PI: Rob Goldstone)

Visiting Research Scientist 2010 — 2011

Indiana UniversityPercepts and Concepts Lab (PI: Rob Goldstone)

Associate Researcher 2009 — 2010

University of MinhoHuman Memory Lab (PI: Pedro B. Albuquerque)

MS in Experimental Psychology 2007 — 2009

University of MinhoHuman Memory Lab (PI: Pedro B Albuquerque)

Erasmus Exchange Student 2007 — 2008

Autonomous University of BarcelonaResearch Assistant in the Psychobiology Lab. (PIs: Marc Pallarès and Sònia Darbra)

BA in Psychology 2004 — 2007

University of Minho

Papers and Book Chapters

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (in press). The benefits of interleaved and blocked study: Different tasks benefit from different schedules of study. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (forthcoming). Human Perceptual Learning and Categorization. Chapter to appear In Murphy R., & Honey, R. (Eds). The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook on The Cognitive Neuroscience of Learning.

Carvalho, P.F. & Goldstone, R.L. (2014). Effects of Interleaved and Blocked Study on Delayed Test of Category Learning Generalization. Frontiers in Psychology, 5 (936), 1-10. http://www.frontiersin.org/Journal/Abstract.aspx?s=196&name=cognitive_science&ART_DOI=10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00936

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2014). Putting category learning in order: category structure and temporal arrangement affect the benefit of interleaved over blocked study. Memory & Cognition, 42(3), 481-495.

Goldstone, R. L., Kersten, A., & Carvalho, P.F. (2013). Concepts and Categorization. In Weiner, I.B, Healey, A.J., & Proctor, R.W. (Eds.) Handbook of Psychology, Volume 4, Experimental Psychology, 2nd Edition (pp. 607-630). New York, NY: Wiley.

Carvalho, P. F., & Albuquerque, P. B. (2012). Memory encoding of stimulus features in human perceptual learning. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 24(6), 654-664.

Braithwaite, D. W., Carvalho, P.F., de Leeuw, J., Motz, B. A., & Goldstone, R.L. (in preparation) Effectiveness of Learner-Regulated Study Sequence.

Carvalho, P.F., Vales, C., Fausey, C.M., & Smith, L.B. (in preparation). Building representations that can be used: How children sample information during relational thinking.

Peer Reviewed Conference Proceedings

Weitnauer, E., Carvalho, P.F., Goldstone, R.L., & Ritter, H. (2014). Similarity-based Ordering of Instances for Efficient Concept Learning. In P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane, & B. Scassellati (Eds.), Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1760-1765). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2013). How to present exemplars of several categories? Interleave during active learning and block during passive learning. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Carvalho, P.F., Vales, C., Fausey, C. M. & Smith, L.B. (2013). An eyetracking study of children's relational thinking: The role of labels and sustained attention. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Weitnauer, E., Carvalho, P.F., Goldstone, R.L., & Ritter, H. (2013). Grouping by Similarity Helps Concept Learning. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2012). Category structure modulates interleaving and blocking advantage in inductive category acquisition. In N. Miyake, D. Peebles, & R. P. Cooper (Eds.), Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 186-191), Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Hendrickson, A.T., Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2012). Going to Extremes: The influence of unsupervised categories on the mental caricaturization of faces and asymmetries in perceptual discrimination. In N. Miyake, D. Peebles, & R. P. Cooper (Eds.), Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1662-1667), Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2011). Sequential similarity and comparison effects in category learning. In L. Carlson, C. Hölscher, & T. Shipley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Carvalho, P. F., Nunes-Costa, R., Magalhães, P., & Vales, C. (2007). De unha actitude implicíta de racismo á expresión intencional no comportamento racista. In J. Evans, B. Kristensen & O. C. Argibay (Eds.), Relatorios do primeiro congreso galego da mocidade investigadora (pp. 501-508). Santiago de Compostela: Xunta de Galicia.

Invited Talks

Carvalho, P. F. (2014, May). Putting Category Learning in Order: The Way Information is Presented Changes how Categories are Learned. CogFog Seminar, University of California - Los Angeles, CA.

Talks and Poster Presentations

Carvalho, P.F., Braithwaite, D.W., de Leeuw, J., Motz, B.A., Goldstone, R.L. (2014, September). Sequencing Examples During Concept Learning. Poster presented at the 2014 CIRCLE Conference - Integrating Cognitive Science with Innovative Teaching in STEM Disciplines. St. Louis, MO.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2014, July). Effects of interleaved and blocked study in a24-hour delayed transfer test. Paper presented at the 36th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2013, November). Benefits of category learning with interleaved and active, or blocked and passive, presentations. Paper presented at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Carvalho, P.F., Vales, C., Fausey, C.M., & Smith, L.B. (2013, November). Information sampling in children's relational thinking: Effects of comparison and labeling. Poster presented at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Carvalho, P.F., Vales, C., Fausey, C.M., & Smith, L.B. (2013, November). Building representations that can be used: How children sample information during relational thinking. Poster presented at the workshop "Attending to Learn: Learning to Attend". San Diego, CA.

Carvalho, P.F., Vales, C., Fausey, C.M. & Smith, L.B. (2013, October). Information sampling in children’s relational thinking: Effects of comparison and labeling. Poster presented at the Eighth Biennial Meeting of the Cognitive Development Society. Memphis, TN.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2013, August). How to present exemplars of several categories? Interleave during active learning and block during passive learning. Poster presented at the 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Berlin, Germany.

Carvalho, P.F., Vales, C., Fausey, C.M., & Smith, L.B. (2013, August). An eyetracking study of children's relational thinking: The role of labels and sustained attention. Poster presented at the 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Berlin, Germany.

Weitnauer, E., Carvalho, P.F., Goldstone, R.L. (2013, August). Grouping by Similarity Helps Concept Learning. Poster presented at the 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Berlin, Germany.

Carvalho, P.F., Vales, C., Fausey, C.M., & Smith, L.B. (2013, April). What makes comparison work? Evidence from eyetracking. Paper presented at the 2013 biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Seattle, WA.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2012, November). Simultaneously Interleaving Versus Simultaneously
Blocking of High and Low Similarity Categories
. Poster presented at the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Minneapolis, MN.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2012, August). Category structure modulates interleaving and blocking advantage in inductive category acquisition. Paper presented at the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Sapporo, Japan.

Hendrickson, A.T., Carvalho, P.F., Goldstone, R.L. (2012, August). Going to Extremes: The influence of unsupervised categories on the mental caricaturization of faces and asymmetries in perceptual discrimination. Poster presented at the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Sapporo, Japan.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2012, May). Modulating 
Effects
of 
Category 
Structure 
on 
the 
Interleaved
 Advantage 
for 
Category 
Learning. Paper presented at the 2nd Annual Midwest Cognitive Science Conference. Bloomington, IN.

Hendrickson, A.T., Carvalho, P.F., Goldstone, R.L. (2012, May). Asymmetries
 of 
within‐category 
perceptual discriminations
 cannot 
account 
for 
categorical 
perception 
effects. Poster presented at the 2nd Annual Midwest Cognitive Science Conference. Bloomington, IN.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2011, November). Stimulus Similarity Relations Modulate Benefits for Blocking and Interleaving During Category Learning. Paper presented at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Seattle, WA.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2011, November). Comparison Between Successively Presented Stimuli
During Blocked and Interleaved Presentations in Category Learning
. Poster presented at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Seattle, WA.

Albuquerque, P.B., Carvalho, P.F., Oliveira, H., & Capelo, A.M. (2011, November). Adaptive Memory: Surviving the Pictures. Poster presented at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Seattle, WA.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2011, July). Sequential similarity and comparison effects in category learning. Poster presented at the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Boston, MA.

Albuquerque, P. B., Carvalho, P.F., Oliveira, H., & Capelo, A.M. (2011, July). Word and visual stimuli recall in the survival processing paradigm. Poster presented at the 5th International Conference on Memory, University of York, England.

Carvalho, P.F., & Goldstone, R.L. (2011, April). The effect of comparison and similarity between sequentially presented stimuli in category learning. Poster presented at the Midwest Cognitive Science Meeting, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

Albuquerque, P. B., & Carvalho, P. F. (2010, March). Memória adaptativa para estímulos visuais: estudos com faces humanas e imagens de objectos [Adaptive memory for visual stimuli: studies with human faces and object pictures]. Poster presented at the 5th Meeting of the Portuguese Association of Experimental Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

Carvalho, P. F., & Albuquerque, P. B. (2009, September). Can perceptual learning be greater after blocked preexposure? Poster presented at the XXI Congress of the Spanish Society for Comparative Psyhcology. University of Salamanca, Spain.

Carvalho, P. F., & Albuquerque, P. B. (2009, July). Perceptual learning in humans: the use of same/different tasks. Poster presented at the 3rd Iberian Conference on Perception, University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal.

Carvalho, P. F., & Albuquerque, P. B. (2009, April). Apresentação alternada ou em bloco: análise do papel da codificação perante estímulos visuais. [Intermixed-blocked effect: the role of encoding of visual stimuli] Oral communication presented in the 4th Meeting of the Portuguese Association of Experimental Psychology, Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisbon, Portugal.

Vales, C., Carvalho, P. F., Magalhães, P., & Albuquerque, P. B. (2009, April). Efeitos semânticos na prova de Stroop: rosa, cor ou flor?[Semantic effects in the Stroop Task: rose, color or flower?]. Poster presented in the 4th Meeting of the Portuguese Association of Experimental Psychology, Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisbon, Portugal.

Carvalho, P. F., Nunes-Costa, R., Magalhães, P., & Vales, C. (2007, October). De unha actitude implicíta de racismo á expresión intencional no comportamento racist [From an implicit racist attitude to the intentional expression of racist behavior]. Oral communication presented in the 1st Galician Congress of Young Researchers (Mocidade Investigadora), University of Santigo de Compostela, Spain.

Alves, C., Carvalho, P. F., Magalhães, P., & Vales, C. (2006, November). Criar falsas memórias com palavras reorganizadas. [Creating false memories with jumbled words]. Oral communication presented in the 1st Contest “Experimental Project Designed by Students”. University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

Teaching

Associate Instructor, Indiana University
P335 - Cognitive Psychology (Spring 2014)
P211 - Methods of Experimental Psychology (Fall 2013)

Research Supervisor, Indiana University
Four Undergraduate students each year (Fall 2010-Present)

Teaching Assistant, University of Minho
Laboratory in Human Memory (Spring 2009 & Spring 2010)

Awards and Grants

  • “Learning to Attend: Attending to Learn” (San Diego, CA) Workshop Travel Award. (2013)
  • Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FTC) 4-year Doctoral Fellowship (2010)
  • Fulbright Research Fellowship (2010)
  • Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FTC) Travel Award to attend the XXI Congress of the Spanish Society for Comparative Psychology (2009)
  • Portuguese National Agency Erasmus Scholarship (2007)
  • University of Minho Erasmus Scholarship (2007)
  • 2nd Prize “Experimental Project Designed by Students” awarded by the Psychology Students Association (2006)

Reviewing

Ad-hoc reviewer for: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review; Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition; Psychological Research; Cognitive Science Society
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